Roger Thayer Stone Center For Latin American Studies

Tulane University

Kris Lane

Professor - History, France Vinton Scholes Chair in Colonial Latin American History

Contact Info
klane1@tulane.edu

Department Affiliation
History

Biography

I am a historian specializing in the history of the Andes region of South America. Going back to my 1996 dissertation at the University of Minnesota, most of my scholarship has focused on extractive industries and their local, regional, and global effects. I have worked extensively in Colombia, Ecuador, and Bolivia, and more recently in Peru, Argentina, and Chile. The Andes Mountains have a very long history of providing humans with metals and other minerals, and understanding the evolving and sometimes violent relationships built around mining—plus this activity’s manifold environmental consequences—have not ceased to intrigue me.

In my 2002 book, Quito 1599: City and Colony in Transition (University of New Mexico Press), I attempted to tell the story of this equatorial Andean city and its vast hinterland in terms of Quito’s early fame as a producer of gold. A former Inca capital, San Francisco de Quito became the seat of a royal Spanish appeals court and legislative body and ultimately the nucleus of the Republic of Ecuador. The early search for gold took Spanish conquistadors and thousands of native Andeans deep into the backcountry of the Pacific watershed and the upper Amazon, only to quickly exceed the limits of sustainability and to test the patience of native peoples and newly formed runaway slave communities. Quito 1599 is an experiment in using a pivotal year to trace longer-term transformations in society and economy.

In my book Colour of Paradise: The Emerald in the Age of Gunpowder Empires (Yale University Press, 2010), I followed the path of Colombian emeralds from the remote north Andean mines of Muzo and Chivor to the courts of the Mughal, Safavid, and Ottoman Empires, linked by multi-ethnic trading clans and other globe-trotting go-betweens. I also traced emeralds as they flowed to the courts and gem bourses of Europe. My basic model was that of a commodity-chain history, but I attempted to expand on this production-circulation-consumption approach in order to explain the complex shifts in meaning that emeralds underwent in their long journey from source to consumer – what some have termed the social life of things. The emerald in this “gunpowder” age was in no way a simple, bulk commodity.

My most recent book, Potosí: The Silver City that Changed the World (University of California Press, 2019), treats the rise and fall of colonial Latin America’s richest mining boomtown, an early modern marvel and an environmental nightmare. By 1600, the Imperial Villa of Potosí was one of the largest cities in the Western Hemisphere and one of the highest anywhere. My main aim in this book is to reorient early modern world history by placing this improbable, multi-ethnic city and its silver mines and refineries at the center of the world. Potosí was the globe’s number-one silver producer for many years, lubricating trade from Moscow to Macau, but it was also a major consumer of global products and an important regional slave market and redistribution hub. In social terms, the book examines how a remote Andean mining camp became a cosmopolitan stage that made space for people of all nations and classes, upending norms of race, gender, and sexuality even as fortunes rose and fell overnight. It was also a site of intense indigenous exploitation and mass death. I end by bringing the story of Potosí up to the present day.

In moving from raw commodities to semi-manufactured products, my current project, tentatively titled Royal Scam: The Great Potosí Mint Fraud of 1649, traces the global significance of a major debasement scheme that arose within the royal mint at Potosí in the mid-seventeenth century. It so happened that the fabled silver mines of Potosí’s Cerro Rico were not inexhaustible, or rather that their ores became more expensive to extract and refine. A resulting debt crisis hobbled silver refiners and their creditors, sparking an illegal form of financial innovation: debasing the king’s coinage to cover the deficit. The secret could not long be kept given the global flow of Potosí silver, yet it took the king of Spain’s ministers over a decade to break up the great mint fraud of the 1640s. I trace the local crime, its corrupt circles, and its eventual punishment along with the fraud’s global implications, revealing once again the complex backward and forward linkages that tied a remote Andean mining town to nearly every major economic center in the world. It is, in a sense, a tale for our times.

My other interests include the world history of piracy, which inspired me to expand an earlier book into Pillaging the Empire: Global Piracy on the High Seas, 1500-1750 (Routledge, 2015). I am currently at work on a piracy documents reader with co-author Arne Bialuschewski of Trent University in Ontario, Canada. I am also planning to return to my earlier research on gold mining in colonial Colombia, from which my book on emeralds grew. The green Andes keep tugging at my heart.

As a teacher, I have always tinkered with textbooks, and with Matthew Restall (Penn State) I co-authored Latin America in Colonial Times (Cambridge, 2018), now in its second edition. An abiding interest in world history led me to work with co-authors Bonnie Smith, Richard Von Glahn, and Marc Van de Mieroop on the textbook World in the Making: A Global History (Oxford, 2018)—a fun and exhausting challenge.

As service to my profession, I have been General Editor of the interdisciplinary journal Colonial Latin American Review since 2010. I also serve on the editorial boards of several U.S., European, and Latin American journals, including Fronteras de la Historia and Itinerario. With Matthew Restall I edit the Cambridge Latin American Studies monograph series and on my own I edit the Diálogos series of books with broader appeal for the University of New Mexico Press.

Degrees
  • B.A., University of Colorado-Boulder, History & Latin American Studies, 1991
  • Ph.D., University of Minnesota, History, 1996
Academic Experience
  • France Vinton Scholes Chair in Colonial Latin American History, Professor, Tulane University, 2011-
  • Professor, College of William & Mary, 1997-2011
  • Visiting Professor, University of Leiden, Spring 2010
  • Visiting Professor, National University of Colombia, Bogotá, Fall 2005
  • Visiting Assistant Professor, University of Miami, 1996-1997

Research & Teaching Specializations: Andes, South America

Related Experience
  • Department Chair, History Department, Tulane University, 2016-2019
  • Director of Graduate Studies, History Department, Tulane University, 2014-2016
  • Editorial Board, Fronteras de la Historia, 2011-2016
  • General Editor, Colonial Latin American Review, 2010-
  • President, Forum on European Expansion and Global Interaction (FEEGI), 2006-2008
Distinctions
  • School of Liberal Arts Research Award, Tulane University, 2016
  • John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, 2015-2016
  • Mellon Research Fellowship, Huntington Library, 2011, 2012
  • Edwin Lieuwen Memorial Prize for Teaching, Rocky Mountain Council of Latin American Studies, 2005
  • Fulbright Lecture/Research Fellowship (Bogota, Colombia), Fall 2005
Languages:
  • Spanish
  • Portuguese
  • Quechua
Overseas Experience
  • Andes
  • Southern Cone
  • Iberia
  • Colombia
  • Brazil
Selected Publications
  • 2016. “Ecuadorian Cinnabar and the Prehispanic Trade in Vermilion Pigment: Viable Hypothesis or Red Herring?” With Richard L. Burger (1st) and Colin A. Cooke (3rd). Latin American Antiquity 27(1): 22-35.
  • 2015. “La corrupción vs. dominación colonial. El gran fraude de la Casa de la Moneda de Potosí, 1649.” Boletín del Instituto de Historia Argentina y Americana “Dr Emilio Ravignani.‘€ University of Buenos Aires, Tercera serie, 43(2): 94-130.
  • 2015. Pillaging the Empire: Global Piracy on the High Seas, 1500-1750. 2d revised & expanded ed. New York: Routledge.
  • 2012. Latin America in Colonial Times With Matthew Restall. Cambridge.
  • 2012. Crossroads & Cultures. With Bonnie Smith, et al. Bedford/St. Martin’s.
  • 2011. “Gone Platinum: Contraband and Chemistry in Eighteenth-Century Colombia,” Colonial Latin American Review 20:1 (April 2011): 61-79.
  • 2010. Colour of Paradise: The Emerald in the Age of Gunpowder Empires. Yale.
  • 2009. “Memorias robadas: reflexiones sobre archivos, historia y poder,” Jarbuch für Geschichte Lateinamerikas 46 (2009): 167-76.
  • 2002. Quito 1599: City & Colony in Transition. New Mexico.

Recently-Taught Latin American-Related Courses: HISL-4840-01: Piracy in the Americas to 1750

Number of Dissertations or Theses Supervised in the Past 5 Years: 1

Full CV or Website
Curriculum Vitae
Departmental Biography

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