Roger Thayer Stone Center For Latin American Studies

Tulane University

Albert Valdman Lecture: Kapwa ap kenbe djanm - Sociolinguistic Variation in Northern Haiti

March 5th, 2010
3:00 PM

Location
Greenleaf Conference Room
100A Jones Hall
Tulane University

Among French-based creoles, Haitian Creole has the highest degree of standardization, with a written norm—Standard Haitian Creole (SHC)—based on the speech of Port-au-Prince monolingual speakers. For instance, SHC lacks front rounded vowels and postvocalic /r/ and is reaching the rest of the country through the media and schools.

To evaluate the incursion of SHC into the North region, a sociolinguistic study of Northern Haitian Creole (NHC) was conducted in Cape Haitian, Haiti‘€™s second largest city, and surrounding countryside. Besides stereotypes such as the possessive pronoun kin (vs. SHC pa), we found that several NHC features first described in Étienne (1974) are still ubiquitous in the North.

In this presentation, we look at social factors and linguistic conditioning (syntactic and phonological) of three sociolinguistic variables, shedding light on the current vitality and status of NHC features. While the frequently occurring third person singular pronoun seems to have remained below the level of consciousness, the preposition ak ‘€˜with‘€™, which alternates between local ake and standard ak / avè / avèk, appears to be at least a marker, if not a stereotype (Valdman 2008). As for the possessive, which varies between the local form N + a + NP and the standard N + NP, it is pointed out in some speakers‘€™ metalinguistic comments, but its status as a marker or stereotype is unclear.

Using a subset of 24 speakers from the more than 120 in our corpus, we show that regardless of their individual sociolinguistic status, all three variables show a robust preference for NHC features in most syntactic contexts. This study contributes to the growing body of literature applying the tools and methods of variationist sociolinguistics to creole languages, in an effort to assess the effects of the standard on other geographic varieties.

Albert Valdman is the Rudy Professor of French and Linguistics (emeritus) at Indiana University and author of Ann Pale Kreyòl: An Introdcutory Course in Haitian Creole and Haitian Creole – English Bilingual Dictionary. This event is sponsored by the Roger Thayer Stone Center for Latin American Studies.

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The Stone Center recently agreed to co-sponsor Dr. Ananda Cohen-Aponte’s upcoming talk, “The Materiality of Insurgency in the Colonial Andres” which is scheduled for Thursday, October 29 at 5:00 PM via Zoom. The talk is part of the year-long “Representation and Resistance: Scholarship Centering Race in Western Art” lecture series organized by the Newcomb Art Department and co-sponsored by the Africana Studies Program and is also the 2020 Terry K. Simmons Lecture in Art History for this year.

Details can also be found here on the lecture series website:
https://liberalarts.tulane.edu/departments/newcomb-art/representation-and-resistance-scholarship-centering-race-western-art

Film discussion: "O Pai, O" - Carnaval and the intersectionality of oppressions in Salvador/Bahia

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Language: introduction in Portuguese Questions and comments welcome in Portuguese, English, or Spanish

Facilitators: Sílvia Lorenso, Associate Professor and Director, Middlebury School in Brazil Guimário Nascimento, History Teacher, Colégio Nossa Senhora Soledad, Salvador Tatiane Cerqueira, Mestre and PhD student at Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, UFSC

Click here to access the film.
*Warning: Some scenes in the film contain graphic violence and sex.

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"The Past is a Foreign Country" and "Landscape Fever" Premiere at New Orleans Film Festival

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The Stone Center for Latin American Studies (SCLAS) and The Cuban and Caribbean Studies Institute (CCSI) at Tulane University will again sponsor several films in this year’s New Orleans Film Festival. We are excited to support a diverse mix of films, including several narrative features, documentaries, and experimental shorts. In addition, CCSI director Dr. Ana López will lead a series of Q&A’s with select directors.

“The Past is a Foreign Country” and “Landscape Fever” are Spanish-language short films directed by Gabrielle Garcia Steib, sponsored by the Stone Center for Latin American Studies.

Via New Orleans Film Festival website:

The Past is a Foreign Country addresses the past as an idea of which we have control, particularly to discuss the intersection of communities in New Orleans with those in Latin America”.

Landscape Fever is a short film that addresses the narrative of a Honduran immigrant corroded by violence upon her path migrating to New Orleans. Using archival footage filmed along the U.S. / Mexican border, and sound designed by Udit Duseja merged with field recordings- the viewer may step into the world of a traumatic yet common experience that occurs among the borderlands.”

Individual passes are not available for short films. However, the NOFF offers a “Virtual Shorts Pass” for $55.00 that allows access to all short films. This pass can be purchased here

"Landfall" Premiere at New Orleans Film Festival

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The Stone Center for Latin American Studies (SCLAS) and The Cuban and Caribbean Studies Institute (CCSI) at Tulane University will again sponsor several films in this year’s New Orleans Film Festival. We are excited to support a diverse mix of films, including several narrative features, documentaries, and experimental shorts. In addition, CCSI director Dr. Ana López will lead a series of Q&A’s with select directors.

Landfall, is an English-language Puerto Rican documentary film, directed by Cecilia Aldarondo.

Via New Orleans Film Festival website:
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Tulane’s Cuban and Caribbean Studies Institute is sponsoring this film. More information and tickets are available here

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The Gilder Lehrman Center‘€™s 22nd Annual International Conference provides a forum for discussion of the study of Cuban slavery and emancipation today, placing the island‘€™s history within the wider Atlantic world. Over the past few decades, the study of Cuban history has been an increasingly international effort. Cuban historians have interacted more and more with colleagues from abroad, with discussions grounded in the unique primary sources found in the rich Cuban archives. These scholars have demonstrated the importance of understanding Cuban slavery within the context of the Atlantic world and broad colonial networks of domination and resistance. This conference brings together scholars from Cuba and abroad working on the transatlantic slave trade, resistance, systems of control, abolition and emancipation, and the memory and legacies of slavery in Cuba. Join us for in-depth conversations about the present and future of understanding slavery and its long aftermath in this crucial part of the world.

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The Stone Center for Latin American Studies (SCLAS) and The Cuban and Caribbean Studies Institute (CCSI) at Tulane University will again sponsor several films in this year’s New Orleans Film Festival. We are excited to support a diverse mix of films, including several narrative features, documentaries, and experimental shorts. In addition, CCSI director Dr. Ana López will lead a series of Q&A’s with select directors.

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Via New Orleans Film Festival website:
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Tulane’s Cuban and Caribbean Studies Institute is sponsoring this film. More information and tickets are available here