Roger Thayer Stone Center For Latin American Studies

Tulane University

Talk by LAL Greenleaf Fellow Justo Flores Escalante

March 4th, 2010
3:00 - 5:00 PM

Location
Seminar Room
Latin American Library
4th Floor, Howard-Tilton Memorial Library
Tulane University

The Latin American Library announces a talk by Mtro. Justo Flores Escalante, 2009-2010 Greenleaf Fellow on Thursday, March 4, 3-5pm in the LAL Seminar Room. Refreshments follow the lecture and discussion.

Mtro Flores will speak on “Soberanía y excepcionalidad: La integración de Yucatán y la creación de Campeche en el Estado Mexicano, 1821-1857”/
“Sovereignty and Exceptionality: The Integration of Yucatán and the Creation of Campeche Within the Mexican State, 1821-1857”

The talk will be in Spanish with a powerpoint summary in English.

Abstract: The construction of the Mexican state began in the first half of the nineteenth century, which brought with it the uneasy integration of the provinces of New Spain. This is the underlying context of the conflictive relations between the Yucatán Peninsula and the central government of Mexico. Yucatecan historians have tended to regard the political movements of the Peninsula as separatist-independist. However, my hypothesis is that the majority of these problems were due to the concept of shared sovereignty in order to preserve internal autonomy. At the same time, the use of shared sovereignty in the Peninsula would lead to the first political territorial division with the creation of the state of Campeche. I therefore propose a new way of examining these relations and a novel explanation of the beginnings of the Mexican state from the perspective of the región of Yucatán.

En la primera mitad del Siglo XIX se inició la construcción del Estado Mexicano y con ello la difícil integración de las provincias novohispanas. En ese contexto se insertan las conflictivas relaciones entre Yucatán y el gobierno de México. Los movimientos políticos peninsulares han sido catalogados como separatistas-independistas por la historiografía yucateca, pero sostengo la hipótesis que la mayor parte de los problemas se debieron al uso del concepto de soberanía compartida, ejercido por el gobierno yucateco para conservar la autonomía interna y la excepcionalidad peninsular. A la vez, la utilización de la soberanía compartida en la península conllevaría a la primera división político-territorial: la creación del estado de Campeche. Propongo una nueva forma de ver las relaciones mencionadas y una novedosa explicación sobre los comienzos del Estado Mexicano desde la región yucateca.

Mtro. Flores is a doctoral student in History at Colegio de México, in Mexico City. His areas of specialization are the history of Mexico, regional and political history, particularly the nineteenth century. He is the autor of several articles and book chapters on political processes and separatism in nineteenth century Yucatán Peninsula and relations with the Mexican state during the same period.

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