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September 4th, 2013
1. With agricultural employers continuously in search of more employees, immigrant workers fill the jobs that the industry desperately needs to remain competitive.
- Seventy-one percent of crop workers surveyed between 2007 and 2009 were foreign born.1
- In North Carolina, only seven U.S.-born workers-less than 3 percent of those hired-completed the growing season in 2011, despite an 11 percent unemployment rate in the state. Mexican workers accounted for 90 percent of workers who completed the season.2
2. A reduced agricultural labor force leads to production losses that impact not just that industry but the U.S. economy overall.
- Expansion of the H-2A temporary agricultural worker program-as envisioned in the Senate immigration bill passed in July-could result in a 3.4 percent increase in fruit exports and a 5.4 percent increase in vegetable exports.3
- An expansion of the H-2A program would add $6.6 billion to U.S. GDP and $3.3 billion to personal income by 2017.4
- Without comprehensive immigration reform, a shrinking agricultural labor force will lead to $5 to $9 billion in production losses every year.5
- In 2011, after passage of HB 87, a law that restricted immigrant job opportunities in Georgia, the state suffered an estimated $300 million loss in harvested crops and a $1 billion hit to the overall economy.6
3. Immigrant farm laborers create jobs for U.S.-born individuals in areas of the economy beyond agriculture.
- In 2012, every three to five H-2A farm workers in North Carolina created one job for a U.S.-born worker.7
- An expansion of the H-2A visa program under the Senate-passed immigration reform bill would add over 51,000 jobs in the United States.8
4. With a growing population, immigrant labor is vital to helping the agriculture industry produce the food required to feed Americans.
- By 2050, 9.6 billion people will be living on our planet, with over 400 million people living in the United States, making it the fourth most populous country in the world.9 Having a fully-staffed agricultural labor force is vital for the United States to be able to produce the food it will need.
- Immigrants will be critical to filling future labor gaps in the economy overall and in agriculture, with 76 million baby boomers retiring and only 46 million U.S.-born workers entering the workforce by 2030.10
- A survey in California-the number one state in cash farm receipts-found that 71 percent of farmers who grow labor-intensive crops (trees, fruits, vegetables, table grapes, raisins, and berries) reported employee shortages in 2011.11 This has forced them to change crops, to start using mechanized farming (which cannot be used with fruits and vegetables that bruise easily), or to lose part of their crop.12
5. Immigrant agricultural workers help boost the population in rural areas that may be experiencing an outflow of local residents, creating a future pipeline of workers for the industry.
- New AS/COA–Partnership for a New American Economy research finds that for every 1,000 immigrants settling in a county, 250 U.S.-born individuals follow, drawn by increased economic opportunity.13
- The population in non-metropolitan counties as a whole declined for the first time between April 2010 and July 2012.14
- From 2007 to 2011, there was an average of 2.1 million foreign-born individuals living in areas where agriculture is the main industry.15
This fact sheet is a product of the AS/COA Immigration and Integration Initiative, which advances the integration of immigrants and promotes positive dialogue around the economic contributions of immigrants and Latinos overall across the United States, and was produced by Leani García and AS/COA Director of Policy Jason Marczak. For more information, visit AS/COA Online at: www.as-coa.org. For media inquiries or to speak with an expert on this topic, please contact Adriana La Rotta in our communications office at email@example.com.
 U.S. Department of Agriculture, "Immigration and the Rural Workforce," Economic Research Service, 2013.
 Michael A. Clemens, "International Harvest: A Case Study of How Foreign Workers Help American Farms Grow Crops-and the Economy," Partnership for a New American Economy and the Center for Global Development, 2013, pp.9-11.
 "Fixing Our Broken Immigration System: The Economic Benefits to Agriculture and Rural Communities," The Executive Office of the President, 2013, p.8.
 Frederick R. Treyz, Corey Stottlemyer and Rod Motamedi, "Key Components of Immigration Reform: An Analysis of the Economic Effects of Creating a Pathway to Legal Status, Expanding High-Skilled Visas, & Reforming Lesser-Skilled Visas," Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI), 2013. pp. 16-17.
 "AFBF Board Establishes Strategic Action Plan for 2013," American Farm Bureau Federation, 2013.
 Tom Baxter, "How Georgia's Anti-Immigration Law Could Hurt the State's (and the Nation's) Economy," Center for American Progress, 2011, p.2.
 Michael A. Clemens, "International Harvest: A Case Study of How Foreign Workers Help American Farms Grow Crops-and the Economy," Partnership for a New American Economy and the Center for Global Development, 2013, p.2.
 Frederick R. Treyz, Corey Stottlemyer and Rod Motamedi, "Key Components of Immigration Reform: An Analysis of the Economic Effects of Creating a Pathway to Legal Status, Expanding High-Skilled Visas, & Reforming Lesser-Skilled Visas," Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI), 2013. p.16.
 Department of Economic and Social Affairs "World Population Prospects the 2011 Revision: Highlights and Advance Tables," United Nations, 2013, pp. xv, 3, 62.
 The Partnership for a New American Economy and The Partnership for New York City, "Not Coming to America: Why the U.S. is Falling Behind in the Global Race for Talent," 2012, p.2.
 California Department of Food and Agriculture, "California Agricultural Production Statstics," 2012.
 California Farm Bureau Federation, "Walking the Tightrope: California Farmers Struggle with employee Shortages. California Farm Bureau Federation Agricultural Employment Survey Results-2012," p.2.
 Americas Society/Council of the Americas and Partnership for a New American Economy, "Immigrants Boost U.S. Economic Vitality through the Housing Market," 2013.
 United States Department of Agriculture, "Population & Migration," Economic Research Service.
 U.S. Department of Agriculture, "Immigration and the Rural Workforce," Economic Research Service, 2013.
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Racism, Black Consciousness and the Problem of Unintended Dissidence in the Cuban Revolution, 1965-1971
Author and professor Lillian Guerra will be speaking at Tulane. This event is free and open to the public.
Lillian Guerra is a Professor of Cuban and Caribbean history at the University of Florida. She has just published Visions of Power in Cuba: Revolution, Redemption and Resistance, 1959-1971 (UNC Press). This book is one of the first major works to analyze the grand narrative of the Cuban revolution, and in the process, it reveals the internal divisions and resistance to the revolution at the popular level. It received a Special Mention for the 2013 Gordon K. and Sybil Lewis Award (Caribbean Studies Association) and was a 2013 Choice Outstanding Academic title.
Guerra is also the author of The Myth of José Martí: Conflicting Nationalisms in Early 20th Century Cuba (UNC Press) and Popular Expression and National Identity in Puerto Rico (University of Florida). Her work has appeared in the Hispanic American Historical Review, Social History, and Cuban Studies. She is currently working on a new project, Making Revolutionary Cuba, on Cuban political culture from 1947-1958.
MARI Brown Bag: Ximena Chávez Balderas "Effigies of the death: ritual decapitation and modification of skulls from Offering 141, Great Temple of Tenochtitlan"
Ximena Chávez Balderas, Doctoral Student in the Department of Anthropology, will present a talk about her dissertation work at the Templo Mayor in Mexico City entitled “Effigies of the death: ritual decapitation and modification of skulls from Offering 141, Great Temple of Tenochtitlan”
M.A.R.I.'s Brown Bag talk series is meant to provide a venue for students and faculty focusing on topics related to Mesoamerica to discuss their latest research in an informal and friendly setting. If you are interested in presenting, please email Marcello Canuto (firstname.lastname@example.org) for more information. For the current speaker list of this talk series, please click here.
From Axis Mundi to Mappa Mundi: Great Temples and Sacred Bundles in Mesoamerican Traditions
David Carrasco, the Neil L. Rudenstine Professor of the Study of Latin America at Harvard University, will present a talk on March 14th at 4 PM entitled: “From Axis Mundi to Mappa Mundi: Great Temples and Sacred Bundles in Mesoamerican Traditions.”
Professor Carrasco will give an illustrated lecture about his journey, discoveries, and changes of mind in the study of Mesoamerican religions. Working as an historian of religions, Carrasco helped decipher the patterns of the axis mundi/sacred centers in the ceremonial world of the Great Aztec Temple and more recently in the Mapa de Cuauhtinchan #2. His lecture will trace this interpretive journey by showing images from the Aztec Templo Mayor and the Cuauhtinchan Codex.
A reception will follow.
For more information please contact TASA at email@example.com.
Materials in the Classroom Ecology: A Language Pedagogy Workshop
This hands-on workshop for language teachers demonstrates activities and materials designed to promote language learners' listening and speaking fluency. These activities allow university and high school students to engage in meaningful use of the target language. Materials demonstrated at this workshop can be readily adapted by participating language teachers and implemented in their own classrooms. These innovative pedagogic activities bridge language teaching theory and practice, and recent research on language teaching materials and learning will also be presented. University instructors and high school teachers working with language learners of any proficiency level will benefit from this presentation. The workshop will be conducted in English, and teachers of any language are welcome to attend. Participants may wish to read the article Materials in the Classroom Ecology in advance of the event, although this reading is not required in order to participate in this interactive workshop. All interested language teaching practitioners are encouraged to attend.
The workshop will be led by Anne Marie Guerrataz. She earned a PhD in Second Language Studies at Indiana University and has extensive experience teaching Spanish, French, and English as foreign/second languages at the high school, undergraduate, and graduate levels. She has worked with teachers of many diverse languages, including less-commonly-taught languages such as Arabic, Yucatec Maya, and others. Dr. Guerrettaz has trained language teaching practitioners from across the world, from pedagogy workshops she facilitated for instructors at the Defense Language Institute in California to graduate-level seminars for language teachers in Central America and Maryland. In addition to her publications on language pedagogy, she is also deeply interested in the political dimensions of language and has researched Indigenous language rights in Mexico.
Sponsored by the Stone Center for Latin American Studies the Center for Engaged Learning and Teaching and the Department of Spanish and Portuguese.
The event is free but prior registration is required.
Engaging the Caribbean Space: A Talk by Earl Lovelace
Earl Lovelace, Trinidadian novelist, playwright, short-story writer, and winner of the 1997 Commonwealth Writers Prize, will give a talk entitled “Engaging the Caribbean Space.” A reception will follow the talk.
This event is sponsored by Center for Scholars, GSSA, Department of Spanish and Portuguese, African Diaspora Studies, Department of English, the Stone Center for Latin American Studies, Latin American Graduate Organization (LAGO), Center for Engaged Learning and Teaching, the Center for Public Service, and the Cuban and Caribbean Studies Institute.
Please contact Cherif Diatta (firstname.lastname@example.org) for more information.
For the event flyer, click here.
Tulane Maya Symposium Teacher Workshop: On the Maya Trail: Ancient Travelers, Epic Voyages
The Stone Center for Latin American Studies, the Middle American Research Institute, and the Audubon Aquarium are joining together to sponsor a K-12 teacher workshop in conjunction with the 11th annual Tulane Maya Symposium. This year the workshop will be held at the Audubon Aquarium in New Orleans, in celebration of the opening of a new exhibit on reefs in the Maya area. The workshop will focus on the symposium theme: traveling and voyages among the Maya. The workshop will integrate information about the geography and environment of the Maya area and the ancient and modern Maya utilization of environmental resources. The resources discussed will provide a great way for teachers working with the Common Core requirements to integrate information about the Maya into discussions of a variety of topics!
This year the teacher workshop will begin on Thursday evening, March 20th, with a special reception and talk at the Aquarium specifically for teachers. The main component of the workshop will take place on Friday, March 21st. For more information and to register, please visit the symposium website.
Thursday (Audubon Aquarium)
6:00 – 8:00 PM
6:00 – 6:30 PM
Introduction and Opening Remarks
6:30 – 7:00 PM
What do we really know about the Ancient Maya? – Marcello Canuto, Middle American Research Institute, Tulane University
Friday (Audubon Aquarium)
9:00 – 9:50 AM
Introduction to the Geography/Environment of the Maya – Kristine Grzenda, Audubon Aquarium of the Americas
10:00- 10:50 AM
Historical Perspectives on the Maya – Valerie Feathers, Louisiana State University
11:00- 11:50 AM
Introduction to Maya Sea Traders – Heather McKillop, Louisiana State University
12:00 – 1:00 PM
Conclusion and Evaluation
4:00 – 5:00 PM
Tour of the NOMA Mesoamerican Collection
6:00 – 7:15 PM (NOMA)
Keynote – Karl Taube, University of California Riverside