Roger Thayer Stone Center For Latin American Studies

Tulane University

Edesio Fernandes Presents on Informal Urban Land Development

February 28th, 2013

On February 25, 2013, Tulane's Center for Inter-American Policy welcomed Edésio Fernandes to discuss urban land development, particularly the issue of informal settlement on land in urban areas. Fernandes opened his lecture by identifying informal urban settlement as a phenomenon that is international in scope and one of considerable longevity in the urban history of Latin America. He gave the example of Brazilian favelas, the large, informal shantytowns that have been in existence for more than 100 years in Brazil, as well as Peruvian laws dating back to 1961 that attempted to redress the problem of informal urban settlement in Peruvian cities. However, while Fernandes explained that informal urban settlement is not a new phenomenon, he underscored how the scale of these settlements has increased considerably since the 1980s, which adds a greater degree of urgency in formulating a resolution to the issue.

Fernandes provided impressive statistics conveying the drastic extent to which the world, and Latin America in particular, is becoming more urban by the day. Currently, more than 50 percent of the global population resides in urban areas, while in Latin America, around 80 percent of the region's population is now urban. A total of 1.5 billion people currently reside in informal settlements in these urban areas, which has led Fernandes to broadly classify contemporary urban land development as a process of informal land development in urban areas. Some consider informal settlement as a positive occurrence rather than a problem because it is often the only available avenue through which impoverished individuals and families can access housing in urban areas. However, Fernandez argues that in the long-term, informal settlement presents grave problems for its residents, problems that include lack of secure tenure and heightened vulnerability to unforeseen evictions due to the absence of a formal regulatory framework; increased vulnerability to political patronization; excessive population density and a lack of sanitation; increased fire hazards due to overcrowding and structural instability; and more devastating consequences from landslides and earthquakes due to the structural precariousness of many of the buildings of these informal settlements.

Considering the recent explosion of informal urban settlement and its negative consequences, Fernandes offered a critique of past and current attempts to remedy the problem. While in the past, many policymakers have turned towards regularization of informal settlement as a solution, Fernandes considers this remedy to be somewhat myopic in its approach because, in his words, it legalizes the illegal without closely examining the motivation behind bypassing legality in the first place. Until now, regularization has not been accompanied by preventative policy, the formulation of which would entail the close analysis of how the structural lack of sufficient, affordable, accessible and adequate land and services in urban spaces fuels the cycle of informal settlement. Until such issues are acknowledged and adequately redressed, Fernandes argues that regularization will prove futile as a preventative approach in and of itself because structural inequalities and lack of access to services and land will continue to encourage the bypassing of the legal, formal system of land tenure. Fernandes closed his lecture by reiterating that for regularization to be a sustainable solution, policymakers must develop a more consistent approach to social obligation with explicit acknowledgement of the lack of access to land and services in urban areas that fuels the ultimately problematic cycle of informal urban settlement.

-Hannagan Johnson

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Day of the Dead with the LPO: Pan American Life Fiesta Sinfonica: La Triste Historia

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The Louisiana Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO), in association with Pan American Life, will celebrate Day of the Dead through a multimedia concert experience entitled “La Triste Historia.” Renowned Mexican composer Juan Trigos, director Ben Young Mason, and executive producer Duncan Copp have paired Juan Trigos' evocative Symphony No. 3 with an artistic and fantastical animated film. Follow the tragic, dream-like tale of two young lovers, set against the backdrop of the Mexican Revolution, culminating in the celebration of The Day of the Dead.

Featured Musical Pieces:
Juan Trigos: Symphony No. 3
Carlos Chavez: Symphony No. 2 “Sinfonia India”
Alberto Ginastera: Four Dances from Estancia
Jose Pablo Moncayo: Huapango

For more information or to purchase tickets please visit the LPO Website.

Day of the Dead - New Orleans 2014

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Celebrate Day of the Dead across New Orleans with family activities, altars, K-12 teacher workshops, and musical performances.

K-12 Teacher Workshops and Resources

Exploring the Tradition of Day of the Dead in the Art Classroom
Tuesday October 7, 5:30 – 7:30 PM
Ogden Museum of Southern Art, 925 Camp St.
Pre-registration required: Registration Page
A Stone Center co-sponsored event

Altars

Algiers Regional Public Library
3014 Holiday Drive
www.neworleanspubliclibrary.org
A Stone Center co-sponsored event

Casa Borrega
1719 Oretha Castle Haley Blvd.
www.casaborrega.com

Mahalia Jackson Theater
1419 Basin St.
www.lpomusic.com

New Orleans Healing Center
2372 St. Claude Avenue
www.neworleanshealingcenter.org

Ogden Museum of Southern Art
925 Camp Street
www.ogdenmuseum.org

Public Events

Day of the Dead Family Workshop
Saturday, October 11, 10 AM – 12 PM
Ogden Museum of Southern Art
925 Camp Street
Registration Required

Ogden After Hours
Thursday, October 30, 6 – 8 PM
Ogden Museum of Southern Art
925 Camp Street
Tickets Required

Louisiana Philharmonic Orchestra presents La Triste Historia
Saturday, November 1, 7:30 PM
Mahalia Jackson Theater
419 Basin Street
Tickets Required
Pre-concert activities begin at 6 PM; the concert begins at 7:30 PM
A Stone Center co-sponsored event

2014 Day of the Dead programs across New Orleans are sponsored by the following organizations and businesses: Consulate of Mexico in New Orleans, Casa Borrega, the Louisiana Philharmonic Orchestra, Pan American Life, the Foundation for Entertainment, Development, and Education, the Ogden Museum of Southern Art, the New Orleans Healing Center, and Tulane University’s Stone Center for Latin American Studies.

An Evening With Two Francophone-Creolophone Authors

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From 1492 when Christopher Columbus landed on Quisqueya Island, to the period 1791-1804,which marked the emergence and manifestation of self-consciousness by African bondsmen who revolted against their subjugation by the colonial empires, the Caribbean region has not only been the theater of a power struggle among European countries but also an arena where African and European languages and cultures intersect, entice, and repel each other, producing heteroglossic speech communities that have become more or less diglossic speech communities.

Modern-day Caribbean islanders, particularly those who use Creole as their native tongue and French as their lingua franca, still deal with the language issue in different spheres of social practice as well as in literature. Such linguistic heritage is a direct manifestation of colonialism.

The manner in which francophone/creolophone Caribbean writers take up the issue of language in their writings remains a topic that endures as we think about languages in that region.

It is in this context that Mr. Anderson Dovilas and Ms. Fabienne Kanor, two francophone Caribbean authors, respectively from Haiti and Martinique/France, will help us further address this question as they discuss their works produced in Haitian Creole and in French.

Born in Orléans, France, of Martinican parents, Fabienne Kanor is an award-winning writer and the author of four novels, including Les Chiens ne font pas des chats (2008) and Anticorps (2010), as well as the children's novel Le Jour où la mer a disparu (2008). She received the Fetkann Award for her novel D'Eaux Douces (2004), and and the RFO Literary Award for Humus (2006).

Anderson Dovilas was born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, July 02, 1985. This young author has published in France, in the US, and in Canada. He has attended the State University of Haiti where he studied Linguistic and a minor in Ethnology. He is a Poet-activist, a cultural Journalist, a playwright, and an actor. Dovilas, has participated, collaborated, and organized several cultural events; and often organized street performances to rein-act the history of his battered country, to create social activities, to educate and entertain.

REFRESHMENTS WILL FOLLOW

FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT:
Marky Jean-Pierre
Béatrice Germaine

Sponsored by
Department of French & Italian at Tulane University
Stone Center for Latin American Studies at Tulane University
Consulate General of France in New Orleans

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Tempo Transfigurado: A talk by Graciela Speranza

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Tempo Transfigurado
by Graciela Speranza

Arturo Sotomayor: The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper, Lecture on November 7 at 4pm

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Please join us for a lecture by Dr. Arturo Sotomayor, assistant professor at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS). Sotomayor will present his newest book The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper: Civil-Military Relations and the United Nations (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013).

The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper reevaluates how United Nations peacekeeping missions reform (or fail to reform) their participating members. It investigates how such missions affect military organizations and civil-military relations as countries transition to a more democratic system. Sotomayor's evaluation of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay's involvement in the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti reinforces his final analysis – that successful democratic transitions must include a military organization open to change and a civilian leadership that exercises its oversight responsibilities.

Arturo Sotomayor is an assistant professor in the National Security Affairs Department at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), in Monterey, California. His areas of interest include civil-military relations in Latin America; UN Peacekeeping participation by South American countries; Latin American comparative foreign policy, and nuclear policy in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico. His publications have appeared in Security Studies, International Peacekeeping, Journal of Latin American Politics and Society, Hemisphere, Nonproliferation Review and other edited volumes. He is the author of The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper: Civil-Military Relations and the United Nations (Johns Hopkins Press, 2014) and co-editor of Mexico's Security Failure (Routledge, 2011). Before joining the NPS in 2009, Sotomayor taught at the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE) in Mexico City, and was a post-doctoral fellow in the Center for Inter-American Policy and Research (CIPR) at Tulane University. He received his M.A., M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees in political science from Columbia University and his B.A. degree in international relations from the Technological Autonomous Institute of Mexico (ITAM).

For flyer, click here.

The Guantánamo Public Memory Project

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The Guantánamo Public Memory Project seeks to build public awareness of the long history of the US naval station at Guantánamo, Bay, Cuba, and foster dialogue on the future of this place and the policies it shapes.

Steered from Columbia University's Institute for the Study of Human Rights, the Project is being developed by a growing collaboration of universities, organizations, and individuals. It was first launched in 2009 from the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience. Support for the Project has come from National Dialogue and Traveling exhibit partners, the Libra Foundation, the New York Council on the Humanities, and the Open Society Foundations.

National Dialogue & Traveling Exhibit
The Project's first traveling exhibit opened in New York City at NYU's Kimmel Center for University Life Windows Gallery on December 13, 2012 and is traveling to 17 sites across the country and internationally through at least 2015. The exhibit explores GTMO's history from US occupation in 1898 to today's debates and visions for its future. It was created through a unique collaboration among a growing number of universities from around the country by student curators, communities, and people with first-hand experience at GTMO, who raised difficult questions and addressed them from diverse perspectives. The exhibit is accompanied by public dialogues in each host community. Join the National Dialogue.

The Guantánamo Public Memory Project in New Orleans
SEPTEMBER 2 – NOVEMBER 26, 2014

Exhibit in New Orleans at Tulane University with special events on campus and at the Ashé Cultural Arts Center.

September 2 – October 30, 2014

Exhibit is free and open to the public from 10:00 am – 5:00 pm.

TULANE UNIVERSITY
6801 Freret Avenue
Jones Hall 204

Special Events:

  • September 18
    6:00 PM
    Guantánamo Post-9/11: Human Rights and Constitutional Law in Modern America
  • October 16
    6:00 PM
    Angola and Guantánamo: Art and Incarceration
  • October 30
    6:00 PM
    Guantánamo: Cuban and Haitian Refugee Stories

November 5 – November 26, 2014

ASHE CULTURAL ARTS CENTER
1712 Oretha Castle Haley Blvd.
(Please see website for detailed event information: www.ashecac.org)

Special Events:

  • November 7
    Performance Excerpts by Kesha McKey
  • November 8
    Evening Performance with ArtSpot Productions & The Graduates
  • November 14
    The Farm: Life Inside Angola Film Screening
  • November 15
    Central City Fest

Sponsored by Tulane University’s Cuban and Caribbean Studies Institute, African and African Diaspora Studies, The Murphy Institute, the Altman Program, New Orleans Center for the Gulf South, Center for Public Service, Center for Engaged Learning & Teaching, Newcomb College Institute, Honors Program, Department of History, the Stone Center for Latin American Studies, and the Joan Mitchell Foundation, The University of New Orleans’ Latin American Studies Department, CubaNOLA Arts Collective, and the Jefferson Muslim Association.

For more information about the Guantánamo Public Memory Project, please visit gitmomemory.org. For more information about the main exhibit at Tulane University, please contact jlipman@tulane.edu.

For resources for K-12 teachers, click here.