Roger Thayer Stone Center For Latin American Studies

Tulane University

Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil and Mexico

Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil and Mexico
Nora Lustig, Luis F. Lopez-Calva and Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez
July 16, 2012

Abstract
Between 2000 and 2010, the Gini coefficient declined in 13 of 17 Latin American countries. The decline was statistically significant and robust to changes in the time interval, inequality measures and data sources. In depth country studies for Argentina, Brazil and Mexico suggest two main phenomena underlie this trend: a fall in the premium to skilled labor and more progressive government transfers. The fall in the premium to skills resulted from a combination of supply, demand, and institutional factors. Their relative importance depends on the country.

Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil and Mexico

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