Roger Thayer Stone Center For Latin American Studies

Tulane University

The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: A Synthesis of Results

Working Document: The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: A Synthesis of Results
Nora Lustig, George Gray-Molina, Sean Higgins, Miguel Jaramillo, Wilson Jiménez, Veronica Paz, Claudiney Pereira, Carola Pessino, John Scott and Ernesto Yañez
Tulane University, August 20, 2012

Abstract
We apply a standard tax and benefit incidence analysis to estimate the impact on inequality and poverty of direct taxes, indirect taxes and subsidies, and social spending (cash and food transfers and in-kind transfers in education and health). The extent of inequality reduction induced by direct taxes and transfers is rather small (2 percentage points on average) especially when compared with that found in Western Europe (15 percentage points on average). What prevents Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil from achieving similar reductions in inequality is not the lack of revenues but the fact that they spend less on cash transfers- especially transfers that are progressive in absolute terms- as a share of GDP. Indirect taxes result in that net contributors to the fiscal system start at the fourth, third and even second decile on average, depending on the country. When in-kind transfers in education and health are added, however, the bottom six deciles are net recipients. The impact of transfers on inequality and poverty reduction could be higher if spending on direct cash transfers that are progressive in absolute terms is increased, leakages to the nonpoor are reduced and coverage of the extreme poor by direct transfer programs is expanded.

The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: A Synthesis of Results

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The Center for Inter-American Policy and the Stone Center for Latin American Studies cordially invite you to a virtual reception welcoming our 2019-2020 Post-Doctoral Fellows. For more information, please contact sfialkof@tulane.edu.

Hip Hop and Brazil's X-Ray: 30 years of Racionais MC's

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Language: introduction in Portuguese Questions and comments welcome in Portuguese, English, or Spanish

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The Stone Center recently agreed to co-sponsor Dr. Ananda Cohen-Aponte’s upcoming talk, “The Materiality of Insurgency in the Colonial Andres” which is scheduled for Thursday, October 29 at 5:00 PM via Zoom. The talk is part of the year-long “Representation and Resistance: Scholarship Centering Race in Western Art” lecture series organized by the Newcomb Art Department and co-sponsored by the Africana Studies Program and is also the 2020 Terry K. Simmons Lecture in Art History for this year.

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